Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, Volume 27

The change of the Lithuanian inhabitants‘ attitude towards genetically modified products

Daiva Makutėnienė, Renata Gaivenienė


With the resolve of our country‘s institutions over the growing of genetically modified plants, with the change of inhabitants’ attitude, valuables and preferences it is important to analyse inhabitants’ attitude and its change towards genetically modified products. The aim of the investigation
was to determine directions of the change of the Lithuanian inhabitants’ attitude towards genetically modified products. The attitude of inhabitants towards GM products was analysed (by questionnaire), observation was applied for the investigation of their prices, comparison and graphical
depiction methods were used for the investigation results. Having carried out the empirical investigation it was defined that our society (irrespective of the age, social situation and the position held) is increasingly interested in the theme of GM products. However, society lacks information on GM products. The part of citizens, who have never heard of GM organisms, is decreasing. It was defined that the attitude of our country’s inhabitants towards the GMP is negative and such an attitude only increases. The investigation has revealed that 1/3 of our country’s inhabitants do not use genetically modified products, about 15 per cent use such products, the largest part of which make
respondents with low income. Neither lower price of such products, nor better taste and appearance are important factors for 3/4 of the respondents when deciding over the buying of GMP. It is topical only for the inhabitants receiving small and medium income. Investigation results showed that the
majority of respondents negatively assess genetically modified plants and their products considering them as ones possibly endangering human health and having negative impact on the environment and ecological farming. The positive attitude of inhabitants over the exceptional marking of GMP is
clear. During the observation it was defined that the GMP prices are lower by third in comparison with the prices of traditional products, however, inhabitants give priority to more expensive ecological and traditional products containing no genetically modified organisms. So, considering all these attitudes of our society, genetically modified plants should not be grown for commercial purposes.

Keyword(s): biotechnology, genetically modified products, inhabitants’ attitude, publicopinion research, consumer protection.

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Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development eISSN 2345-0355

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editor: Dr Audrius Gargasas.