Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, Volume 35, Number 1

The evaluation of changes in meat consumption and fators affecting these chan-ges

Ovidija Eičaitė, Albertas Gapšys

Abstract

One of the recent food consumption trends observable in many countries, including Lithuania, is the move to a higher consumption of meat. Growth in meat consumption has significant environmental and health consequences. In order to change meat consumption, it is essential to analyze changes in meat and different types of meat consumption and identify factors affecting these changes. The aim of this research – after analyzing changes in meat consumption and identifying factors affecting these changes, to evaluate the dependence between meat consumption and main economic, social and demographic factors in Lithuania. The analysis of studies which examined changes in meat consumption in different countries and identified factors affecting these changes is presented. The changes in meat consumption in Lithuania in 1994–2011 are examined and main reasons causing these changes are determined. The strength of the relations between meat consumption and main economic, social and demographic factors is estimated in Lithuania during the period of 1994–2010. It was found that disposable income, median age, health indicator, urbanization level and meat price index affected meat consumption in Lithuania. The strongest positive relation was between meat consumption and disposable income.

JEL code – Q110.

Keyword(s): beef, pork, meat, poultry, consumption


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Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development eISSN 2345-0355

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editor: Dr Audrius Gargasas.