Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, Volume 38, Number 3

The differentiation of gender wage in the Baltic states

Violeta Šilingienė, Gintautas Radvila


The problem of gender wage differentiation was evaluated as one of the most important in a countries’ legal-political, economic and social life. The purpose of this article is to examine the external determinants that effects gender wage differentiation in the Baltic States. This article research methodology is based on the study and analysis of European Union legislation to define gender equality aspects in the labor market that enables equal payment for men’s and women’s work and the statistical analysis of Eurostat, Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian Statistics departments’ data to determine the gender pay gap in the Baltic States. After the research authors identified a wide variety of external (legal-political, economic and social) determinants that affect gender wage differentiation. This confirmed that gender wage differentiation in all three Baltic States is highly affected by external determinants.

JEL Codes: J30, M12.

Keyword(s): wage, wage differentiation, gender wage differentiation, gender pay gap

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Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development eISSN 2345-0355

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editor: Dr Audrius Gargasas.